In order to be a productive member of society, one must eat food that they need and are able to consume easily in their daily lives. When this process is impeded, health issues can result, such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease and various cancers. In addition, in some cases, these life-threatening ailments can develop in spite of the person’s healthy eating habits. The most important factor that contributes to an individual’s health is their diet. In this regard, it is very important to know which foods are good for you and which foods should be avoided at all costs.
One’s diet should contain food with vitamins and nutrients that contribute to good health, including protein, carbohydrates, fibre, fat, minerals and vitamins. Basically, food is any substance taken in to provide nutriment for an organism. Food is generally of animal, plant or fungi origin, and has necessary nutrients, including carbohydrates, fats, proteins, fruits, vegetables, and vitamins. All of these components make up a balanced diet; however, not all of these nutrients are included in all types of diets. In fact, certain food groups are more nutritious than others, depending on which part of the world a person comes from.
For example, non-western countries such as China and India have a poor diet, because their diets mainly consist of products such as cow milk and products that are pasteurised (processed). Therefore, one should not see food from these countries as representative of food in general. Similarly, products such as maize (corn) are inappropriate for those people who live in Africa, because the maize is not digestible when it is in its raw form; therefore, it is only used to create food for consumption and it is not nutritious. However, products like maize that are processed are ideal for African individuals, as these have been produced so as to become both nutritious and digestible; therefore, products such as maize are ideal for diet, even if they are slightly more expensive than traditional maize.